The research grant was awarded help to build understanding of labour mobility in the Asia-Pacific region.
The first phase of the project uses existing data sources to provide a quantitative analysis of labour flows around the world and APEC countries. The purpose is to identify the major push and pull factors determining migration. Using advanced panel data econometric techniques, the study finds migrants are attracted to higher relative wages in destination locations, as predicted by economic theory. Push factors include a high cost of living, very high levels of government expenditure, low levels of education, an underdeveloped export market, and unemployment. Based on these findings they propose a number of important policy recommendations.